Produce of the Month Guide: Figs is an informative guide about fresh figs with a round up of 27 recipes!

Figs on a plate with linen

I had big plans to get this Produce of the Month Guide: Figs to you in July, but figs were so scarce last month.  When I did find them, they were far too soft to spend $6 for a basket so I opted to wait.

I’m glad I waited, because they’re popping up all over now and the quality is so much better.

Most people either love figs or hate them in my experience.  Which side of the fence do you fall on?   I’ll admit, the only exposure I’d had to figs growing up was in Fig Newtons (which I loved), and I didn’t try fresh figs until about 10 years ago.

My grandmother is the reason that I tried figs, plain and simple.  She tried to get me to try them here and there but I would wrinkle up my nose and politely decline.  Fresh figs looked so soft and squishy to me…I wasn’t sure I would like the texture.

Finally, my grandmother became terminally ill and on a visit a few weeks before she died, I finally gave in when she offered me a fig.  I fell in love with them on the spot and wished I’d tried them sooner.

I’m so glad that I shared that with my grandmother, and now whenever I eat fresh figs, I always think of her.

Figs on a plate with linen

What is a fig?

I learned a lot about figs during my research for this post, and some of it felt more like fig and fig wasp sexual education.   But we’ll get to that later. ๐Ÿ™‚

Figs are small, delicate fruits that are pear shaped with thin, almost velvety skin.  They’re very soft when ripe, and the flesh of the fig is deep pinkish-red and contains several small, crunchy seeds.

There are several varieties of figs, including Brown Turkey (shown in the photos here), as well as Black Mission, Calimyrna and Sierra.  The latter two varietals are green in color.

Figs are very sweet with floral notes.

Figs on a plate with linen

How are figs pollinated?

I never knew how figs were pollinated until I researched the topic.  I knew that figs are inverted flowers, which is why the inside of the fig contains crunchy seeds.

What I didn’t know before was that fresh figs are male and female, and we only eat the females.  It only gets stranger from here, I promise you. ๐Ÿ™‚

Fig wasps are solely responsible for fig pollination, and female figs are the only way for fig wasps to reproduce.  This is called mutuality….figs and fig wasps rely on one another to survive.

Because the fig is an inverted flower, fig wasps must climb into the female fig to pollinate it.  In the process, its wings and antennae break off while climbing inside, which means there’s no way out and it dies inside.

And it keeps getting stranger….

Female fig wasps lay their eggs inside the fig, then the male and female babies hatch and mate with one another.  The male baby wasps aren’t born with wings, and their role is to dig tunnels to the outside of the fig for the females.  The female baby wasps then make the journey out with the pollen from the fig, and the male dies inside.

TMI?  Quite possibly.  I’ll never think of a fig the same way again after learning all of this, but I’ll continue to eat them. ๐Ÿ™‚

The good news is that most commercially grown figs don’t require pollination!

Figs on a plate with linen

Are figs vegan?

As I mentioned, commercial figs (or common figs) don’t require pollination, but there’s always a chance that a fig wasp could have crawled into your fig.

The fig does use an enzyme called ficin to break down the wasp into protein, but not necessarily all of it.

With that in mind, I’d have to say that figs aren’t vegan.

How to grow fig trees

Common fig trees are the best fig trees for home gardeners because they don’t require a flower to pollinate.  Trees should be planted in early spring or late fall in full sun when the tree is dormant.

Fig trees grow best in warmer climates, but may also be planted in containers which can be moved indoors during colder months.

Fig trees may take up to two years to produce fruit.  Figs are typically harvested in June, with a second harvest between August and October.

For more info, see click here.

Figs on a plate with linen

Nutrition benefits of figs

Figs are high in natural sugars and minerals, including potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and copper.

They’re also a good source of soluble fiber and vitamins A, E and K.

Choosing and Storing Figs

Choose figs that are soft but not too squishy, and avoid them if they’re bruised or wrinkled.  They’re extremely perishable, so  store them in the refrigerator and plan on using them within a day or two or make them into jam (recipe below)!

See the 27 delicious fresh fig recipes below!

homemade fig jam in a jar with a spoon buried in the middle

Small Batch Fig Honey Jam


roasted sweet potato fig kale salad on a plate

Roasted Sweet Potato Fig Kale Salad by The Roasted Root


Baked brie with figs and honey

Easy Baked Brie with Figs and Honey by The View from the Great Island


Brie, Fig Jam and Serrano Ham Crostini

Almond Milk Fig Chia Pudding by Vibrant Plate

Easy Grilled Figs Stuffed with Brie and Honey by Fearless Dining

Melon, Fig and Prosciutto Salad by My Kitchen Love

Baked Brie Bites with Fig and Prosciutto by Striped Spatula


Fig and semolina cake with powdered sugar, figs and flowers on top

Fig and Semolina Cake by Recipes from a Pantry


close up of grilled fig pizza with balsamic glaze and arugula on top

Grilled Fig, Bacon and Arugula Flatbread Pizza


Fig, Honey and Goat Cheese Galette on a plate

Fig, Honey and Goat Cheese Galette by Kitchen Confidante


Salad with peaches, figs and goat cheese on plates

Almond Crusted Goat Cheese Peach and Fig Salad by Floating Kitchen


Fig Mojito by Grandbaby Cakes

Roasted Delicata Squash, Fig and Persimmon Wild Rice Salad

Maple Roasted Figs by The Roasted Root

Fig Crumble Bars by Mon Petit Four


Fig ice cream in bowls

Roasted Fig and Ginger Ice Cream by A Classic Twist


Baked figs with goat cheese

Baked Figs with Goat Cheese by Happy Kitchen. Rocks


Fig spinach salad on a plate

Fig Salad with Goat Cheese by Striped Spatula


Gluten-free Raw Fig Tarts by Fearless Dining

Fresh Fig Bites with Ricotta, Pistachios and Honey Sherry Glaze

Fig Pizza with Feta Cheese and Walnuts by Trial and Eater

Fig Almond Butter Smoothie Recipe by Kitchen Confidante

Fresh Figs with Lemon Vanilla Ricotta and Toasted Pistachios by Floating Kitchen


Overnight oats with figs in a jar with spoon

Overnight Oats with Fig, Honey and Toasted Coconut by Kitchen Confidante


Caramelized fig ricotta pizza sliced

Caramelized Onion Fig Ricotta Pizza by The Roasted Root


Fig bites on a wooden server with thyme

Honey Thyme Whipped Goat Cheese Fig Bites



Gardener’s Path

The Spruce Eats


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